Wednesday, July 31, 2019
Initial public offer (IPO) as the name suggests refers to when a company goes public or issue shares of the company to the public in order to raise capital for the first time. After the IPO, the company gets listed and its shares are traded on stock exchange. Once it gets listed then the permission to trade these shares is granted by shareholders i. e. to whom the shares have been allotted in the IPO. There can be many reasons for bringing out an IPO. First, when the company issues new shares to the public, then the money raised from public goes to the company. Second, when the Govt. Sell their stake in the company to the public, then the money raised goes to the Govt. (like the disinvestment of PSUs). However, one must be wondering why would individuals invest in a particular company? The answer is dividends. The shareholders expect the company will distribute the share of future profits among them as dividends. How an IPO is conducted IPOs generally involve book runners i. e. one or more investment banks known as underwriters. The underwriters retain a portion of the proceeds as their fee. This fee is called an underwriting spread. Various methods of conducting an IPO are Dutch auction, Firm Commitment, Best Efforts, Bought Deal and Self Distribution of stock. IPOs can be made through the Fixed Price Method or Book Building Method. In the fixed price method, the price at which the securities are offered is fixed in advance. In the book building method, the investors have to bid for shares within a price band specified by the issuer and the final price is decided after observing the result of the bidding. The fixing of the band and the bidding process are done with the help of an investment bank or a group of several companies specializing in securities. While most of the companies are eligible to make a public issue are free to decide the price band but infrastructure companies are subject to follow SEBI norms as well as banks are required to get RBIÃ¢â¬â¢s permission. The prices are decided by the company's board of directors, which fixes the band after consulting the book runner (particularly an investment bank). In India, the issuer is allowed a price band of 20% (that is the cap of band should not be more than 20% above the floor price i. e. the lowest price that a seller will accept). After deciding the band, bids are invited on all prices of the band. Once the book is closed, the seller fixes the price at which all of its shares will get sold. However, there can be a situation of Oversubscription of an IPO (i. e. if applications are received for more number of shares than the company is authorised to allot). In that case, the allocations would be done proportionately among all the successful bidders i. e. among those bidders who did bidding at the price determined by the company or at the price higher than that. After the price has been determined on the basis of bidding, the public advertisement containing the rice as well as table showing the number of securities and the amount payable by an investor is issued. Various Investors Involved ? ? ? Retail Investors Non-Institutional Investors Qualified Institutional Buyers If a company is making an issue through 100 % book building process then1) Minimum 35% shall be offered to Retail Investors 2) Minimum 15% shall be offered to Non-Institutional Investors 3) Maximum 50% shall be off ered to Qualified Institutional Buyers. There can also be FPO (Follow on public offer) when companyÃ¢â¬â¢s offer to the public is not for the first time. There are certain advantages attached with going public. Capital can be used to pay off existing debt or to fund capital expenditure. Moreover, another advantage is an increased public awareness of a particular company as IPOs helps in attracting new potential customers which may ultimately leads to increase in the market share of a company. Before deciding whether to go public or not, a company must evaluate all the potential benefits or challenges that will arise. The book runners involved in the process (i. e. investment banks) are given the responsibility to find out the pros and cons of an IPO and determine whether it is favourable or not for the company.
Tuesday, July 30, 2019
Literature studychapter 3 LiteratureSurveyPaper 1:Filter Structures For FIR Filters[ 1 ] In this paper Florian Achleitner et Al. had discuss FIR digital iÃ ¬?lters, which can be designed in several different ways and construct with different basic constructions. This papers considers some constructions and their calculation complexness, every bit good as the quantisation effects. Furthermore some designing methods are introduced and the advantages and disadvantages are analyzed. FIR-iÃ ¬?lters can be designed and implemented in many different ways and constructions. Each has itÃ¢â¬â¢s advantages and disadvantages refering several points of position. In pattern it will be suited to take the construction and planing method oblique by the country of application and the iÃ ¬?lter speciiÃ ¬?cations. If computational cost is the chief standards, we recommend the Direct Form, as it is simple, has low computational cost and no existent disadvantages.Paper 2:Design And Implementation Of An Optimized FIR Filter For If Gps Signal Simulator[ 2 ] This paper presents the design and execution of a forty-order FIR filter for IF GPS signal simulator with three algorithms: multiply and accumulate ( MAC ) , add-and-shift strategy with CSD encoding ( CSD ) , new common sub-expression riddance ( CSE ) . Each strategy is analyzed in item including design and optimisation procedure to happen the best 1 with the least hardware resource and power ingestion. The FIR filter is coded in Verilog HDL, and so implemented utilizing Xilinx Virtex5 FPGA and Design Complier based on SMIC 0.18um engineering. FPGA execution consequence shows that CSE consumes the least entire occupied piece, with 63 % and 20 % decrease compared with MAC and CSD. The execution of CSE in ASIC besides proves 66 % and 13 % decrease in entire bit country, every bit good as 36 % and 6 % dynamic power decrease compared with MAC and CSD severally. Figure 3.1 Converse signifier of FIR filter[ 2 ] Figure 3.2 Implementation construction of FIR filter[ 2 ] This paper design FIR filter utilizing converse signifier as shown in figure below which is more suited for long length coefficients and besides saves figure of registries. Besides this paper designs FIR filter utilizing symmetrical signifier construction of FIR filter by taking advantage of symmetrical coefficients and saves figure of multipliers in the design. 3.3 PAPER 3: Fixed-Point FIR Filter Design And Implementation In The Expand In Sub-Expression Space[ 3 ] In This paper Chia-Yu Yao and Chung-Lin Sha had presented a method of uniting the design and the execution of fixed-point FIR filter coefficients into one design flow. The proposed method designs the fixed-point coefficients in an spread outing sub-expression infinite. During the design procedure, the execution cost is estimated as good and it is fed back to the design modus operandi such that the algorithm can redesign the fixed-point coefficients iteratively. Design examples show that, in many instances, we can obtain better hardware-cost- effectual FIR filters than the consequences reported by other research workers. Figure 3.3 Example of common sub look riddance[ 3 ] In this paper, they suggest an improved fixed-point coefficient design procedure that considers the execution complexness at the first phase of the design stage. The architecture they assume in this paper is the converse signifier symmetrical FIR filter. Compared with the other FIR filter construction, the proposed method can bring forth FIR filters with decreased figure of adders in many instances. On the other manus, since the manner of recognizing the converse signifier FIR filters is determined by the proposed method, in order to salvage brainpower and clip for composing the RTL codification of an FIR filter, we develop a C plan to bring forth a Verilog or a VHDL codification of the FIR filter automatically based on the coefficients produced by the proposed algorithm. A comparing of the codification public presentation between the proposed design flow and MATLABÃ¢â¬â¢s fdatool is besides given in this paper.Paper 4:16-Orders FIR Filter Design Based On MATLAB And Its Quartus Ii Simulation[ 4 ] In this paper SongYu et Al. had presented the rules and construction of the FIR filter to plan the FIR filter. Used the tools of filter design and the signal spectrum analysis in MATLAB to plan and analyze 16-order FIR filter, and determined the filter coefficients, eventually, used Verilog HDL linguistic communication to code, and used its package of Quartus II to imitate. The consequence of the simulation shows that the consequences of the pulsation matching run into the design of demands. With FIR filter direct-type construction as shown in Figure 3.4, the end product can be expressed as: Y ( N ) =Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ ..3.1 Figure 3.4 Conventional diagram of a direct-type FIR filter[ 4 ] Where, Y ( n ) is the end product of the FIR filter, x ( n ) is the input sequence and H ( I ) represents filter coefficients with filter length ( N+1 ) . This paper uses FDATOOL from MATLAB for coefficients computation. FDATOOL is a really powerful tool chest from MATLAB for speedy system planing and analysis. GUI based tool takes all FIR filter parametric quantities from user and based on selective filtering method, calculate filter coefficients with minimal filter order. After that, paper allows HDL modeling of such filter and takes advantage of coefficients symmetricalness to cut down arithmetic complexness. Simulation is done utilizing Quartus-II for subsequently FPGA usage.Paper 5:An Integrated Cad Tool For ASIC Implementation Of Multiplier-less FIR Filters With Common Sub-Expression Elimination Optimization[ 5 ] In this paper Qiu-zhong Wu had presented an integrated computing machine aided design ( CAD ) tool for the ASIC execution of multiplier-less FIR digital filters with common sub-expression riddance ( CSE ) optimisation. The chief maps in the design flow of FIR filters for specified applications, including coefficient computation and quantisation, common sub-expression optimisation and hardware description linguistic communication ( HDL ) codification auto-generation, are combined in this tool. They proposed an applied intermedial representation ( IR ) , which is the key for the integrating of CSE optimisation and HDL codification auto-generation, to denote the circuit construction resulted from the application of CSE technique. The application of this tool in the ASIC execution of multiplierless FIR filters can recognize the design mechanization and shorten the clip for design significantly ; what is more, experiment consequences show that the coveted FIR filters will be optimized expeditiously in several facets such as country, power dissipation and velocity. Figure 3.5 design flow of FIR filter[ 5 ] In this paper, an efficient integrated CAD tool for the ASIC execution of multiplier less FIR filters with common sub-expressions riddance optimisation is presented. The chief maps in FIR_DK, including the common sub-expressions riddance optimisation and the auto-generation of Verilog-HDL codification are illuminated in this paper. The application of this tool in the ASIC execution of multiplierless FIR filters can recognize the design mechanization and shorten the clip for design significantly ; what is more, experiment consequences show that desired FIR filters will be optimized expeditiously in several facets such as country, power dissipation and velocity.
Monday, July 29, 2019
Bosnian Refugee Life in America Essay Thousands of refugees from Bosnia-Herzegovina have fled to the United States to seek protection from the ethnoreligious conflicts of the region. To best assist these families, service providers must understand their wartime and migration experiences and their culture. The purpose of this article is to review the literature relevant to working with Bosnian Muslim refugees as well as to understand the uruque issues facing this population. The authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ interest in Bosnian Muslim refugees is a personal one. Between 1992 and 2001, nearly 3,500 Bosnian refugees escaping ethnic cleansing and war migrated to Bowling Green, a small city of 50,000 in rural southcentral Kentucky. The Bowling Green International Center has been a part of the local community since 1979 and actively works with the United States Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI). For more than 25 years, the center has assisted thousands of refugees of many nationalities in their migration to the United States and the local community. According to the centerÃ¢â¬â¢s director, Marty Deputy, Bosnians make up the largest percentage of refugees that have relocated to Bowling Green (personal communication, February 3, 2005). Deputy also indicated that while Bosnian refugees have adapted well to the local community, they still face many challenges because of their experiences in Bosnia in addition to their integration into a new culture. One of the issues that continue to haunt many Bosnian refugees is post-traumatic stressÃ¢â¬âa result of war and genocide. Post-traumatic stress is particularly an issue for the adult women, who experienced the trauma of rape and sexual assault as well as witnessing the murder of their children and spouses. According to Deputy (personal communication, February 3, 2005), social workers should approach Bosnian families and children with cultural competence. If visiting a Bosnian home, for example, removing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s shoes when entering is a display of respect and sensitivity. A willingness to drink a strong cup of Bosnian coffee is also appreciated. Social workers also must be sensitive about body language and speech tone. It is also important not to assume that all Bosnians are alike. As with all cultures, there is tremendous variation in the Bosnian culture, along with individual differences in personality and environmental experiences. Bosnian Muslim Experiences in the War The 1991 census for Bosnia-Herzegovina shows that Muslims made up 43. 7% of the total population of 4. 3 million people. Serbs accounted for 31. 3% and Croats 17. 3% (Bringa, 1995). Serbs identified the MuslimsÃ¢â¬â¢ majority population base in Bosnia-Herzegovina as its strategic strength (Cigar, 1995). In 1992, therefore, the Serbs declared war and began a campaign of ethnic cleansing to eradicate non-Serbs. The term Ã¢â¬Å"ethnic cleansingÃ¢â¬ stands for the policy of ridding an area of an undesirable national group to create a homogenous region; it represents a type of genocide that is designed to spread terror (Friedman, 1996; Weine & Laub, 1995). SerbiaÃ¢â¬â¢s initial rationale for its policy was promulgated by the belief that the newly formed state of Bosnia-Herzegovina would create national minorities of the Serb population and eventually destroy the Serb populace as a discrete and unique nation (Friedman, 1996). The prospect of acquiring material goods from the MuslimsÃ¢â¬âland, livestock, houses, cars, and cashÃ¢â¬âapparently was an additional powerful incentive for many Serbs (Cigar, 1995; Sells, 1998). The indigenous Bosnian Serb population was drawn into a terror campaign of killing and mayhem so the non-Serbian populations would never return. This persecution ultimately led to more than one million Balkan refugees migrating to the United States and other countries. The types of experiences they endured in their homeland before emigrating dramatically influenced their initial adaptation to these new environments. Resettlement and Adaptation Issues As difficult as the war-related experiences were, migration to resettlement countries signaled a transition to new types of struggles for Bosnian refugees. Unlike immigrants who leave their homes for a variety of reasons, refugees leave in order to survive, and they face a new realm of stressors as they attempt to rebuild their lives in exile (Keyes, 2000; Worthington, 2001). Such stressors include difficult transit experiences; culture shock; adjustment problems related to language and occupational change; and disruption in their sense of self, family, and community (Lipson, 1993; Worthington, 2001). Additionally, refugees leaving Bosnia-Herzegovina often have suffered multiple losses, such as severance from family and friends who have been left behind or killed, displacement from their homes and communities, social isolation, and the premature death of their children. Such an accumulation of loss can leave a sense of unresolved grief that can significantly impact mental health and future functioning capacity (Akhtar, 1992; Fullilove, 1996; Sundquist & Johansson, 1996; Worthington, 2001). When refugees cross national boundaries seeking asylum, they typically find themselves in an alien social environment with norms that challenge their traditional patterns of family interaction (Mayadas & Segal, 2000). Most Bosnian refugees have a hierarchical familial power structure and clear role definitions; in the homeland, authority was typically gender-based, with males maintaining instrumental roles and females fulfilling nurturing responsibilities. A traditional Bosnian womanÃ¢â¬â¢s commitment to her family includes observing strict codes of privacy and public silence on any issue that might bring shame on the family, such as family discord. For many women, this privacy mandate deters them from divulging details about marital strife or child maltreatment by spouses to outsiders such as work colleagues, community members, and mental health professionals. Consequently, Bosnian female refugees continue to be caught between traditional role models prevalent throughout the former YugoslaviaÃ¢â¬â¢s patriarchal society in the 20th Century and the expectations of their new culture. The Bosnian familyÃ¢â¬â¢s patriarchal patterns of behavior tend to be challenged on arrival in the United States, particularly around work-related issues. Women are more likely than men to find jobs in the low-wage labor market, and in becoming the breadwinners exposed to the outside world, they risk upsetting a family equilibrium based on male authority (Mayadas & Segal, 2000). For Bosnian men, key ethnic and social boundary markers of their lives had evaporated; because of their grief over this, many seemed paralyzed in their attempt to move forward in their new life. Bosnian refugee children also face immense acculturation pressures (Mayadas & Segal, 2000). They often are torn between the beliefs, customs, and values learned in their native culture and the often unrealistic expectations of the new one. The pressure to assimilate the cultural norms of their new country can be intense and extremely stressful. Their parents often lack the material resources and support systems to adequately assist them in navigating the complex terrain of foreign school systems, pervasive racism, and intolerance (Mayadas & Segal, 2000). Consequently, many feel as if they are alone in a foreign, sometimes unforgiving new cultural milieu. To further complicate the situation, family roles often reverse as children typically become more fluent in English faster and adapt more quickly to the customs of the new country (Potocky, 1996). Because children are thrust into the role of serving as the interpreters and negotiators of cultural norms for their parents, respect for the authority of elders is often undermined (Carlin, 1990; Drachman; 1992). Even though most teenagers in the United States feel a certain amount of intergenerational tension, the adolescents of refugees often experience the pull of two vastly different worlds: those of their American peers and their parents (Mayadas & Segal, 2000). They also feel subjected to the xenophobia of their American peers, who often ridicule others who they label as Ã¢â¬Å"different. Ã¢â¬ Immigration to the United States has provided Bosnian Muslim refugee families with many challenges as they struggle to adapt to their new lives. At first glance, their experiences may be similar to that of other immigrants, raising the familiar questions about how to perpetuate the faith of their forebears among their offspring or how to best preserve cherished cultural practices (Yazbeck- Haddad & Esposito, 2000). But there are some real differences. With the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington, DC, the potential for a xenophobic reception of Muslim immigrants and refugees by Americans has intensified. For example, disputes over the building of mosques represent a key source of friction for most Westerners (Pipes & Duran, 1993). While Bosnian Muslim families may encounter the same issues earlier generations of immigrants faced, they also are burdened with the question of whether their children will be accepted in the United States, and whether Islam can ever be recognized as a positive force that contributes to a pluralistic, multicultural nation (Yazbeck-Haddad & Esposito, 2000). Culturally Competent Practice with Bosnian Muslims When working with Bosnian Muslim refugees, service providers need to learn as much as possible about their culture, particularly given the pivotal role that ethnoreligious identity has played in their war-related experiences (Witmer & Culver, 2001). Bosnian men and women tend to adhere to traditional gender roles; connected with this issue is the intense stigma attached to the sexual violation of women. This stigma frequently led women to refrain from disclosing war rapes to their families (Witmer & Culver, 2001). Bosnian Muslims typically act in ways that preserve the positive image of the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s identity, especially males, who see openly revealing vulnerability or suffering as a sign of great personal weakness (Weine et al. , 1997). Family is the most important social structure across the urban and rural regions of Bosnia (Mojica-Castillo, 2001). Up until the 1970s, adult children commonly lived with their parents and multiple generations lived in the same house. But today, twoparent families predominate in this region with extended family members often living nearby. A cluster of shoes can typically be found outside a Bosnian home (Mojica-Castillo, 2001). This is because it is customary to remove street shoes and leave them at the door. Bosnians maintain a strong social tradition of neighborliness. The drinking of strong coffee or the sharing of food, accompanied by the essential element of lively conversation, is an important aspect of social life. Traditional music and folk dances are an important part of cultural celebrations. A basic principle of generalist social work is that practitioners need to be able to intervene on behalf of various systems, including individuals, families, orgaruzations, and communities. Additionally, the generalist social worker operates within an ecological framework that attempts to improve coping patterns for a better match between the client systemÃ¢â¬â¢s needs and the characteristics of his or her environment. An empowerment approach to generalist practice assumes that clients can draw from existing competencies and reservoirs of strength. Empowerment indicates the intent and the processes of assisting client systems to discover and expand the tools and resources around them (Furuto, 2004). Swift and Levin (1987) referred to empowerment as an evolution from dependence to independence and interdependence. Gutierrez (1990) described empowerment as Ã¢â¬Å"the process of increasing personal, interpersonal, or political power so that individuals can take action to improve their life situationsÃ¢â¬ (p. 140). The strengths perspective enhances the concept of empowerment with its focus on promoting healing. Healing implies both wholeness and the inborn ability of the mind and body to resist and regenerate when faced with disruption, disorder, or disease (Furuto, 2004). Ethnic and religious identity may lead to discrimination when the refugee is seeking a job that requires intervention on a more personal level. Long-term difficulty in finding a job that provides the family with adequate income may cause low self-esteem and family tension culminating in violence (Furuto & Murase, 1992). Various system levels often must be addressed simultaneously (Mayadas & Segal, 2000). Western thinking on designing comprehensive mental health services is mostly based on the individual as the primary system targeted for intervention; hence, existing services tend to be designed for a North American population (Mooren & Kleber, 1999). Furthermore, treatment of mental health disorders typically follows a medical model using talk therapy and drugs. Western theories also emphasize intrapersonal processes in isolation from the cultural context. The prevailing view that the responses to trauma are individual centered is in keeping with this tradition. Service providers must use the refugeesÃ¢â¬â¢ own, indigenous cultural definitions of health and illness when making mental health assessments (Boothby, 1996; Wing Sue, Ivey, & Pedersen, 1996). For example, a Bosnian client who had the Western diag nosis of major depression and post-traumatic stress disorder Ã¢â¬Å"refused medication saying that there was nothing wrong with him that medications could fix, and insisted that the clinician understand that his current condition was a result of the wrongs that had been done to him, and not because of anything that was wrong with himÃ¢â¬ (Weine & Laub, 1995, p. 255). To address the issue of respecting the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of the issue, Yuen (1999) promoted a more holistic biopsychosocial model of intervention when working with Bosnian children and their families; hence, the importance of using an ethnically sensitive ecological framework becomes a second principle of culturally competent practice. A third principle is to respect the indigenous strengths and resources within Bosnians that empower them to cope with their own experiences. Chow & Yuen (2000) noted the necessity for an empowerment and capacity building model where refugees become partners in the design and elivery of services within their community. Efforts to design and deliver human service programs should include using indigenous Bosnian religious and cultural organizations, as well as self-help groups (Chow & Yuen, 2000). Conclusion After Bosnians flee their homeland, they need protection in the asylum country. This necessitates supportive policies and macrolevel intervention competence. The main policy that guides refugee resettlement in the United States is Public Law 96-212, the Refugee Act of 1980 (Mayadas & Segal, 2000). Based on the goal of helping refugees achieve economic self-sufficiency as quickly as possible, the act defines self-sufficiency as not receiving welfare benefits (Potocky, 1996). As such, this policy may be ineffective in helping refugees to settle in an optimal manner. To become truly self-sufficient, service providers need to redefine success in more progressive ways, such as helping refugees to effectively deal with resettlement issues relating to acculturation, psychological trauma, and intergenerational conflictÃ¢â¬âall of which can impede long-term economic self-sufficiency. This new goal requires adequate fiscal resources to develop programs and engage in active community outreach (Mayadas & Segal, 2000). Social services must aspire to restore the psychological health and dignity of these families and children, who have seen the worst side of human nature. Helping them establish a positive self-image is critical to their success. While the genocide of family members and violent acts can never be forgotten, surrounding Bosnian Muslim refugees with a network of positive, supportive services can help them establish a solid foothold in the United States. Bosnian Refugee Life in America. (2017, Mar 02).
Why world war II is a good war for THE UNITED STATES - Research Paper Example This brief analysis will attempt to elaborate upon some of the primary means by which the Second World War worked to benefit the United States, increased the economic output, level of industrialization, set the United States predominately upon the world stage, opened up new markets and reduced the competitiveness of former rivals. Additionally, the war helped to differentiate the world into a bipolar system that forced nearly each and every nation to either select the United States or the Soviet Union as a protector and potential market for goods. In particular, the war brought the economy in America back to life after the malaise of the Great Depression. A number of contradictions thus arise from the actions taken by leaders during the activities of World War II. In this way, the proceeding analysis will attempt to detail the most prominent ways in which the Second World War was actually beneficial to the United States. Firstly, and perhaps most obviously, the war helped the United States to rapidly define and integrate a formerly backwards and relatively un-industrialized economy. Moreover, due to the level of malaise that the United States experienced as a result of the Great Depression, a spike in the level of industrial growth and the need to integrate a high number of skilled professionals into the economy meant that the nation was able to rapidly train and employ a high number of skilled professionals in a variety of industrial crafts. Though the industrial revolution had occurred many years previously, the level of development was neither impressive nor complete. However, as a result of the need to rapidly expand the economy and provide the soldiers fighting in the field with the necessary hardware of war, the industries of munitions production, heavy manufacturing, ship building, advanced electronic devices, early forms of computing technology, an advanced aircraft production industry, and a litany of other fields came to be well developed and robust b y the end of the war. According to Mooney, the United States was keen on providing the Allies with the necessary equipment for continuing the war even prior to the Attack on Pearl Harbor. This meant that the United States industry was required to produce and replace many of the goods and materials of war that were being sent to the allies overseas. Says Mooney, Ã¢â¬Å"In September 1940 the United States agreed to trade fifty old naval destroyers to British in exchange for leases on naval and air bases in British possessions throughout the Western Hemisphere.Ã¢â¬ (Mooney 187). As such, even the Ã¢â¬Å"tradeÃ¢â¬ of 50 old destroyers is in and of itself a monumentally important factor due to the fact that these destroyers represented a percentage of United States naval power and must necessarily be replaced by the powers of industry. Such a representation of lend-lease or cash and carry was adequately defined by Mooney on page 185. The rampant growth of American wartime industry c ombined with the fact that many of the men in the nation had vacated their jobs and were now joining the armed forces created a unique opportunity for women. Due to the fact that women had previously been confined to the home as a result of gender norms and the identification that a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s place should be in the home, this opportunity was a powerful dynamic in helping to shape the way in which the United States developed and industrialized. The United States government soon got on board with the untapped labor pool and began to promote propaganda to engage even larger numbers of women in the workforce. By utilizing such evocative posters as Ã¢â¬Å"Rosie the RiveterÃ¢â¬
Sunday, July 28, 2019
An exegetical study of Genesis 32 verses 22-32 - Essay Example and have prevailed.Ã¢â¬ 29Then Jacob asked him and said, Ã¢â¬Å"Please tell me your name.Ã¢â¬ But he said, Ã¢â¬Å"Why is it that you ask my name?Ã¢â¬ And he blessed him there. 31Now the sun rose upon him just as he crossed over Penuel, and he was limping on his thigh. 32Therefore to this day, the sons of Israel do not eat the sinew of the hip which is on the socket of the thigh, because he touched the socket of JacobÃ¢â¬â¢s thigh in the sinew of the hip. (New American Standard Bible) The account of JacobÃ¢â¬â¢s wrestling match at the ford of Jabbok is, admittedly, a rather difficult passage to interpret because of the surrealism of the occurrence: In the middle of the night, Jacob decides to send his wives and children and their possessions over the ford (vv. 22-23); from out of nowhere, a man appears and wrestles with Jacob who, for some reason, is left behind or stays behind on the other side of the ford (v. 24); the match goes on for an extended period, that is, until daybreak (v. 24), and Jacob demands for a blessing when the man tries to disengage (v. 26); right there, JacobÃ¢â¬â¢s name is changed to Israel, and the place is named Peniel as well (vv. 28, 30). On the surface, the meaning of the passage is not made immediately clear, for as one goes through it initially, it reads as though it is a dream sequence. However, there seems to be no concrete reason to suppose such. It seems fairly clear that there was an actual crossing that occurred (v. 22), an d that Jacob was physically hurt by the encounter (v. 31b Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦and he was limping on his thigh.Ã¢â¬ ). Hence, the passage indicates rather clearly a turning point not only in JacobÃ¢â¬â¢s life, but in the consequent Israelite history, as evidenced by the effects of the nocturnal encounter (v. 32). At any rate, this particular analysis of the narrative focuses on the name changes that are apparent in the text, specifically the change of JacobÃ¢â¬â¢s name to Israel, and the place of the struggle being named Peniel. Such name-changing has
Saturday, July 27, 2019
HRM2013 Human Resource Management - Essay Example The team was very positive with everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s suggestions and it further developed a great bond between all the participants. Everyone in the team was involved and there was a great understanding of each personÃ¢â¬â¢s strength and weakness. (Definition of team building, n.d) We had adopted Bruce TuckmanÃ¢â¬â¢s Team theory where the teamÃ¢â¬â¢s development was split into 4 phases. Creating a structure for the group where each team member would fit in by carefully assessing each personÃ¢â¬â¢s ability. The team members attempt to have a leader within the group who would direct the team members. The team begins to establish rules, goals, objectives and work as a team together The last phase is the performance of the task by the team members. It is at this phase that the team starts growing together. (Teamwork Theories, n.d) There are different ways in which the team can be more successful. The employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude towards work can affect the outcome and negatively impac t the end customers. The team leader needs to ensure that the employees are co-cooperative which will increase teamwork. Respect is a very important aspect in work environment. As a team manager, one needs to understand and respect employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings, frustrations and respond appropriately than reacting to an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s non-productivity. The second most important way for the team to be successful is listen to the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s problems and not criticize or discount the issue. Acknowledging and communication helps the employees feel valued. The third most important factor that makes the team very successful is to engage the employees to do their work. If the company trusts the employees and if the employees are comfortable with the workplace, then the next level is to make the employees actively participate in decision making, publicly acknowledge the employees ideas and feedback. (Marlene, 2011) JOB ANALYSIS The primary role of a class representative to the board of studies is to be the point of contact between the academic leaders, students and parents. This role is voluntary and this nomination would be for an academic year. An effective class representative would provide valuable suggestions and contribution to the school community. This also includes several personal benefits which include many people, exposure and experience. This also provides a good platform to exercise leadership and initiate change. It also provides an opportunity to voice out opinions, concerns, feedback regarding the school. A certificate of recognition for the contributions and leadership skills would also be provided by the school thus helping them in their future jobs. (Class Representative- Job Description, n.d) Class representatives play a very important role in the school community. They are very instrumental in keeping the class in contact with the parents association and the school management. The main requirements or the prerequisites of being a school re presentative is to Be enthusiastic Hold good relations with the management and the class members Have good leadership skills Represent the class members views and feedback The role of a school representative involves a great amount of responsibility and leadership. The class representative needs to bring forward any opinions, improvement, suggestions and feedback from the class and take it to the management. The other aspect is to get feedback from the class representative regarding the policies, fees structure, and academic environment, based on the feedback from the school
Friday, July 26, 2019
For presentaition - Essay Example For this man, music and dating girls was very closely connected. As he got older, his tastes did change and he found that his desire to buy records changed as well. By the time he was in his 20Ã¢â¬â¢s, he felt that records were more for kids, not adults. By this time he was married and had a family, so most of his media consumption switched to radio. He remembers that he has a small transistor radio that he would listen to at work. I would pick-up a local radio station that played a lot of country and western music, so he started to enjoy this type of music more, especially Johnny Cash and Roy Orbison. The radio also became his main source of hearing news reports. He said that he rarely had time to sit down to read the newspaper while his kids were at home, so he would listen to news over his transistor radio. He still remembered the first car he had that had a radio. He said that that was a very big, exciting purchase for him. I was amazed at how little he had to do with television. He says that it had never appealed to him, even in the early days when everyone was going crazy for it. He said, Ã¢â¬Å"There wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t anything worth watching on television fifty years ago and the last time I checked, nothing has changed!Ã¢â¬ Even though he is less active now, he still chooses to listen to the radio instead of watching television, only now he listens to radio stations over the
Thursday, July 25, 2019
Mythology - Essay Example Why is this feature relevant to the modern hero? No one can actually give an answer to this question. Maybe, in such a way the contemporaries are sure that in the modern very challenging world it is necessary to have an option to free one's mind. The director of the film underlines that external appearance is not important for the modern hero. It is much more important a real heroism of a character. A physical power of Hancock can be lost in case he meets other superheroes. Achilles is an ancient Greek character. Nevertheless, this hero does not reveal features of a holistic mind or his open nature. Homer underlined his appearance: Ã¢â¬Å"he sat himself down away from the ships with a face as dark as night, and his silver bow rang death as he shot his arrow in the midst of themÃ¢â¬ (Iliad, Book I). Actually, in the ancient world appearance played a very important role. Let us remember about the ancient famous sculptures and monuments of ancient heroes and characters. Of course, Ac hilles worshipped gods and this was a positive feature of his nature. Achilles helps Greek people in their fight against enemies, but in reality he is not much focused on solving military problems. From another perspective, Achilles can seem to be a consequential warrior. Achilles can be a patriotic hero, but in this case he should know for what purpose he needs to be such a person. He is sure of the fact that patriotism is positive if a personal concern is taken into account. Achilles impresses the audience by his daring and brash features. He shows more passion and he does not want to be vulnerable. This is another vision about heroism and patriotism unlike the view of patriotism in the modern time. Achilles is too arrogant and superior, but Hancock is not. These are two different approaches to representation of heroism and patriotism in two different worlds: in the world of ancient times and the modern times. Achilles was not focused on the common good of the society, but Hancock was very much pleased with his ability to help people. He did not place his own personality on the foreground; he made an emphasis on the background, which is society's welfare. Works cited 1. Iliad by Homer. 15 Dec. 2012. 2. Odyssey by Homer. 15 Dec. 2012. Name Professor's Name Subject Date Question 7B The Oracle works in Greek myths Divination plays a very important role in Greek mythology. Oracle is one of the core images in Greek religion and mythology. In accordance with modern interpretation: "Oracles played an important role in the Greek religion and beliefs. The Greeks considered death as a necessary evil and therefore Immortality was not an enviable asset. They however required information on their future life on earth, for this they turned to the oracle" (Oracle). Ancient Greek people needed information about their future life on the Earth. Greek oracle was a priest or a priestess, who played a role of a mediator between people and God. The Oracle communicated with God an d in such a way he had an opportunity to get the required information. Apollo was a god of music and reason. He could see future too. In the ancient Greece people brought many gifts to Apollo and he told them about the secrets and events of their future. Apollo was looking for a woman, who can help him to find answers about people's future. Apollo intended to be one of
Wednesday, July 24, 2019
The PR Function Video - Essay Example PR exists in effective communications and is most importantly under control of the media (Smith & Place, 2013). Business enterprises use the media to promote brands and images. Such undertakings continuously engage the public to identify with the respective companies. There exist numerous PR strategies. Notably, reputation of an organization is always at a stake whenever it or its stakeholders engage in activities that activities that might compromise public image. Therefore, every company must engage relevant agencies in building self-image and restoring public trust. Publicizing a business is only effective if the consumer response is positive and the target audience take no offense for the nature of brand display (Smith & Navarro, 2014). PR differs from advertising concerning the control of marketing media. For instance, a company has full control over what is put forward for the audience in advertising. Whether in television of newspaper columns, business dictates the kind of images to use for brand or service promotion. On the contrary, there are regulatory mechanisms for PR that restricts businesses. Such limitations mostly focus on protecting the audience (Bernays, 2013).The image of a company is highly significant than promoting products. Believability is the most important aspect of PR. Papasolomou, I., Thrassou, A., Vrontis, D., & Sabova, M. (2014). Marketing public relations: A consumer-focused strategic perspective. Journal of Customer Behaviour, 13 (1), 5-24. doi:10.1362/147539214X14024779343631 Smith, B. G., & Place, K. R. (2013). Integrating Power? Evaluating Public Relations Influence in an Integrated Communication Structure. Journal of Public Relations Research, 25(2), 168-187.
Tuesday, July 23, 2019
History of Education In America - Essay Example This division of labor has increased to a point that many people no longer know how to find or process their own foods, and just buy what they need. Despite this there is "cultural lag" (pg. 13) that shows a maladjustment by some parts of society in their educational institutions when changes in technology, for instance, occur. The more conservative and traditional sectors "lag" at these times, unwilling or unable to keep up. There are also problems with misconceptions that arise from misinformation. This type of "lag" can cause people to accept "factual" evidence that is later found to be untrue. (pg 13). The concept that there is empty "space" between the particles of an atom is being rejected by those who study physics today. However, the original concept will remain part of current curriculums until some time in the future, as will many other revised facts. Personal and societal values enter into every culture's form of education, even though they are constantly changing also, according to Ralph Linton, anthropologist. Many communities reject alternate thinking about religions, lifestyles, politics, etc. Today's core values, in America, are considered small by contrast to previous eras due to the complexity of this society. Instead of a predominant religion presiding over a community's affairs, for instance, a quorum has to be considered in order to enact laws that reflect the moral standards - such as those against killing others. So, too, are the opinions of many factions considered by educational institutions before deciding how they will proceed. The subject of corporeal punishment in schools is one that people used to regard as the school's choice but is now considered undesirable, for... The researcher of this essay aims to present an overview of the book by John D. Pulliam and James Van Patten, History of Education in America. From the early Greek teachings to education of modern times, school has been an important facet of any civilized culture. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s societal demands are numerous and multicultural as the people of the world get deeper into globalization. To compete in the workplace, to succeed, and to influence the future requires an increasingly complex form of education. Relatively speaking, it has always been this way as cultures of the world have had to interact socially and economically. The better oneÃ¢â¬â¢s education, the more likely they were to do well in business, and the more opportunities they would have. But in this electronic society of high technology, fast communications and carbon-dating systems, education is a necessity of life, not just an employment tool or a way of achieving status. The solutions of the future will depend on the edu cation of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s students. Teachers must be able to adapt also and know what the relationships of educational institutions are to society. The Ã¢â¬Å"New CenturyÃ¢â¬ finds schools using more standardized measurements of a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s progress, and state-run data tracking. There is a need for schools to be run more professionally and efficiently. Competing in the world market is requiring a return to bilingualism that has been common in Europe and many other countries. As more of the world becomes democratic, the schools will reflect the values of a democratic society.